14 November is World Diabetes Day. The campaign aims to create awareness about by diabetes and its effects on families. 2018 theme is - "The family and Diabetes".
What is diabetes?
Diabetes diseases commonly known as "sugar disease" in layman's language is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (or blood sugar), which leads over time to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Insulin in the body helps to that regulate blood sugar, which gives us the energy we need to live. when it is unable to get into the cells to be burned as energy, the sugar can build up to harmful levels in the blood.
Two main forms of Diabetes:
•People with type 1 diabetes typically make none of their own insulin and therefore require insulin injections for survival.
• People with type 2 diabetes, the form that comprises some 90% of all cases, usually produce their own insulin, but not enough or they are unable to use it properly. People with type 2 diabetes are typically overweight and sedentary.
Symptoms of diabetes include:
• frequent urination
• intense thirst and hunger
• weight gain
• unusual weight loss
• cuts and bruises that do not heal
• male sexual dysfunction
• numbness and tingling in hands and feet
According the Department of Health and WHO, diabetes can be treated and prevented. The Department urges members of the public to practice healthy lifestyle by eating healthy food, engaging in physical activity and conduct regular health screening at a local clinic.
For more information on Diabetes visit http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diabetes